Ultrasound has established itself as clinical tool for the gynecologist that helps in diagnosis for the convenience of the doctor and the patient who is treated without the lapse of time.
Ultrasound Applications in Women. Ultrasound is extensively used in Gynecology. In pregnant women it is used for confirmation of pregnancy, detection of abnormalities or risks to pregnancy, placenta and its abnormalities, causes of bleeding if it occurs, monitoring the growth of fetus, or fetal surveillance to resort to. It is a great tool of help for today’s obstetrician and the perinatologist.
In gynecology ultrasound detects the abnormalities of uterus, ovaries and the pelvis like Fibroids, Ovarian cysts, PID, hydatidiform mole, adenomyosis, and endometriosis.
In fertility practice it not only helps to detect problems but also is essentially needed for the management of the case. The following important evaluations can be done with Ultrasonography:
- Structure of the uterus and any abnormalities are visualized. Fibroids and endometriosis are associated with infertility. Locations and size of fibroids carefully recorded. Sparsely distributed hyper echoic spots in the myometrium indicate Adenomyosis.
- Texture and the thickness of the uterine Endometrium influenced by the ovarian hormones. It shows the effect of the hormones and gives an idea of their amount and nature. These are related to the day of the ovarian cycle. A fair degree of hormonal status of the woman can be assessed by these observations.
- The size and structure of both the ovaries and their abnormalities like the ovarian cysts are identified.